Our next assignment was about Research, Development, and Innovation. Key learning objectives of our assignment were to understand the current trends of research, development, and innovation in the field of education, to know where to find latest RDI information in the educational field and to recognize the benefits of publications by the faculty of Finnish universities and universities of applied sciences.
Emerging Trends in Teaching and Innovation:
With the passage of time, we have observed teaching and learning trends changed. From teacher’s perspective, instructional styles have changed, e.g. from one teacher classroom to team teaching or, co-teaching, from traditional lecture to Individualized instruction, from brain-based/concept-based teaching, from same age group to mixed-age teaching, from one culture to multiple culture teaching, from memorization to critical thinking, from digital literacy and from blackboard teaching to digital aided instructions.
We have seen RDI trends in education technology is stronger than ever, especially due to virtual reality, mobile devices, cloud technologies, and the internet. As a student and teacher, I have seen how learning and teaching trends changed. For such a digitalized learning environment, both teacher and student must show relevant competencies.
For an individual, a nation, and humanity to survive and progress, innovation and evolution are essential. Innovations in education are of particular importance because education plays a crucial role in creating a sustainable future. Innovation, therefore, is to be regarded as an instrument of necessary and positive change. Any human activity (educational) needs constant innovation to remain sustainable. (Hoffman and Holzhuter, 2012, p. 3)
Evolution of Learning:
To understand current educational RDI Trends, it is important to know how learning has evolved. There was a time when teachers would teach the way they had learned, also understanding the needs of the student, but with the passage of time, teaching methods and learning changed. They adopted new methods and learnings to meet the varying student needs. Teachers are also custodians of knowledge, to be a custodian of knowledge teacher needs to be a person that has learned and done a lot of things and been in some tough situations. As teaching is a long learning process and knowledge gained through this process is long lasting.
Here are more trends of research in education those have evolved, e.g. cooperation between education and workplace, learning at the workplace, identification, and recognition of the competencies acquired, pedagogical development for the interfaces of education and working life, the competencies and competence needs of youth and adults, and lifelong learning.
Following are the useful resources to find information on current trends in RDI:
- Publications of Oulu UAS staff: Justus
- An online publication series that highlights the results of RD work undertaken: EPooki
- Ministry of Education and Culture’s latest publications: https://minedu.fi/
- Published researches on a larger scale: https://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rjve20/current (Journal of Vocational Education & Training)
- Research information hub (ongoing site-to-be completed by 2020): https://research.fi/
- Online digital library of education research and information: ERIC (Education Resources and Information Center)
- Conferences, seminars
- Using ‘keywords’ for searching
I found ERIC more useful platform as a resource information center. ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center) is the world’s most widely used index to educational-related literature. ERIC is the largest education database in the world containing over 1.5 million records of journal articles, research reports, curriculum and teaching guides, conference papers, dissertations and theses, and books.
During our AC lesson, for our learning, we explored ERIC by giving participants a task. Students explore ERIC in four areas; search article by; dates, author, country, and descriptor. We asked participants to find out the results, the purpose of this activity was to familiarized with ERIC and get to know how it works.
Finnish Universities and Publications:
The Finnish higher education system consists of universities and universities of applied sciences. A total of 14 universities and 23 universities of applied sciences operate in the Ministry of Education and Culture’s administrative branch. Teachers own publications, especially at university level, are important and these publications give teachers the opportunity to truly display their contributions and value to the institution’s mission of research, teaching, and service. Universities become even more transformative and improve conditions for learning when their own teachers research and publish. Publications and research papers also help to create a research-promoting culture.
- Fischer, F., Hmelo-Silver, C. E., Goldman, S. R., & Reimann, P. (Eds.). (2018). International Handbook of the Learning Sciences. Routledge.